The Millennium is the thousand-year reign of Jesus Christ over the whole earth. It will start immediately after the Lord Jesus Christ's Second Coming. The earth has become the kingdom of our Lord Jesus Christ accomplished after six thousand years of work. It is the seventh 1,000 year from Adam’s creation and that is why it is the thousand years of rest or the Sabbatical Millennium. It is also the time when Satan is in prison, kept in the Abyss or death (Rev 20: 1-3).
When the apostles asked Jesus just before He ascended to heaven, "Lord, are you at this time going to restore the kingdom to Israel?" (Acts 1:6). Jesus did not answer positively. Instead, He said,
In other words, He was saying, 'No, the restoration of the kingdom has been set but is not yet for now. The priority is to obey first My Great Commission throughout the world.'
Jesus Christ came primarily to save the lost and redeem us from the curse of sin. That is the very reason why the ancient kingdom of Israel was destroyed. God is a marvellous God. If He has to restore the Kingdom that He promised to Abraham, He must first be able to save those who were under the curse of sin. The history of Israel proved that physical power alone can not save them. As the Bible says in Hebrews 9:22--
Israel disobeyed God from the day of their wandering in the desert to the days of King Solomon and continued on for many years until their collapse. The House of Israel, the northern kingdom was conquered by the Assyrians, dispersed among the nations and their race vanished. Read Israel, The Divided House for details. Only the Jews remained today, the remnants of the House of Judah, the southern kingdom. They still speak the Hebrew language but the rest of the Israelites are scattered among the nations. Nevertheless, it is also God's plan to restore the Kingdom as he assured them in Ezek 37:21-23
That promise shall come and will only happen in the Millennium. The remnants of the tribulation from all the nations where they were scattered shall march toward their homeland, Israel. That will be our last day version of the Exodus. Through the "Seed" (Jesus Christ) shall many be blessed as promised to Abraham (Gen 12:3; 22:18; 26:4; 28:14). Read also Gal 3:15-29. The shedding of the blood of the Lamb, Jesus Christ made it possible to restore the Kingdom of Israel and so are the rest of mankind to become Abraham's seed as well if they believe in Jesus Christ.
So the apostles remembered those promises. Many thought that the Messiah, Jesus Christ came to become their King outright and restore the kingdom immediately afterward. Many were disappointed to see the King crucified, ascending to heaven without fulfilling that promise, for an "unfinished business". That's why many did not believe until today, but many, the enlightened ones believed.
Now, Christians realize that the restoration of the Kingdom of Israel is still to happen and that is during the Millennium. For two millenniums, the gospel should be preached, tribulations will come, the son of perdition (Antichrist) will appear before the restoration happens. They will be few of the Israelites in the last day to start the new Kingdom of Israel.
In the Millennium, the earth will be renewed, populated peacefully by nations fearing God. It will be same old earth except that God will make everything new. Deserts will be turned to fertile lands and there shall be no more wars (Isa 2:4). Even animals will not eat or harm each other. Carnivorous animals shall eat grass like the cattle (Isa 11:7).
Below are just some of the interesting changes that will take place on earth in the Millennium under the world government of Jesus Christ:
The nations shall live according to the laws of the Lord as exactly as the land of Israel was governed by King David. A new Temple shall be built and the land of Israel re-established and the city of Jerusalem rebuilt. Read Ezek 40-48. The Lord will again dwell in the Temple and nations will flock to it (Isa 2:2). King David will be raised up to rule over Israel (Jer 30:9, Ezek 37:25). The city of Jerusalem’s new name shall be “THE LORD IS THERE” (Ezek 48:35)
Still, the world will have many nations like today and will be populated by the remnants of the Great Tribulation. The difference is that all peoples will worship the true God who will dwell in the New Temple as prophesied in Ezek 40-48 in Jerusalem. Opportunity to become priests of the Lord in the new Holy Temple will no longer be limited for Israelites anymore.
Contrary to what many believe, the Millennium is not yet the heavenly paradise. It will still be the same physical earth like today where everyone should work, raise a family and repopulate the earth for a period of 1,000 years. Remember that the last seven years prior to the Millennium saw the loss of billions of lives that only few men will be left alive.
That reminds me of the days of Adam or Methuselah when a man can live for more than 900 years. The Bible says that death will be the last to be destroyed (1 Cor 15:26) and it will happen to everyone who remained faithful when God will make everything new, when God shall wipe away the tears from all eyes (Rev 21:4). However, those who had been raised from the dead or were changed to glorified bodies prior to the Millennium shall no longer die since they already became imperishable (1 Cor 15:50-53). Read also The Battle of Armageddon and Is The Traditional Rapture Doctrine Biblical? to get clarified with last day transformation of the saved.
Some think this had already happened and fulfilled when Jesus Christ came. While it is true that it has started back then, it is not yet completed since until today, the House of Israel is not yet reunited with the House of Judah as the above prophecy implies. The new covenant will find its complete fulfillment in the Millennium when the Kingdom of Israel is fully restored. Then God will be known by all nations.
Throughout the ages, God hid His face unto Israel. Anyone who see His face will die. That is no more. Jesus Christ, our God will be with us everyday in the same way when He walked the earth and dwell with men.
Also check the sin and punishment of refusing to worship God in Jerusalem in Zech 14:16-19. So sin and guilt offerings at the Holy Temple will be reinstituted. Why will there still be offerings like the old? We certainly don't know why. The reason it was prophesied, then it should be fulfilled. The prophecies of Ezekiel about the New Temple and division of the the land among Israel are so detailed that it took nine chapters to describe all. No other prophecy is more detailed than these and therefore it can not be mere symbolic. Restoring the kingdom is restoring also the old practices, perhaps, but we know that Jesus' sacrifice on the cross is suffice even for future sins. And so, it is still Jesus blood that will wipe those sins.
There are numerous other prophecies about the Millennium to be contained in this topic. All of these were written to encourage and invite everyone to enlist early in the coming kingdom of our God, Jesus Christ. We should respond to the Great Commission and become a Christian as the first step then let us grow in wisdom and remain faithful unto the end.
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